Indonesian’s National Anthem “Indonesia Raya” meaning Indonesia the Great. “Indonesia Raya” was composed in 1928 during the Dutch colonial period, at a time when the dutch rulers in Indonesia carried out a divide and rule policy which stressed linguistic, ethnic, cultural and religious differences amongst the Indonesian people.
The Birth of Indonesia raya was closely related to the awakening of Indonesian’s nationalist movement. The song was first introduced by its composer, Wage Rudolf Supratman at the All Indonesia Youth Congres held on 28th October 1928, at a time when Indonesian’s youth originating from different ethnic, linguistic, religious and cultural denominations enthusiastically pledged.
- Belonging to one nation, the Indonesian Nation
- Having one native country, Indonesia
- Having one language of unity, the Indonesian language.
The then national song, introduced to this youth congres, stressing the call for unity among Indonesians, became soon popular. It was sung at Indonesian political rallies where participants stood up in solemm adherence. The song had really implanted Indonesian’s national consciousness among the population all over the archipelago.
Source : Indonesia an Official Handbook